effects of imperialism of the west on africa and india essay sample essay

Jules Ferry one time said “In order for a state to be great. she must demo her influence throughout the universe and carry everyplace she can her linguistic communication. her imposts. her flag. her weaponries. and her mastermind. ” This quotation mark is the perfect illustration of the positions of an imperialist state. From 1750-1914 Western civilisations dominated the universe by implementing their civilization and systems upon weaker states. Regions such as Africa. the Middle East. India. and Africa were badly impacted positively and negatively by the imperialism of the West. Two of those civilizations that were affected in a really similar manner during this clip period by the effects of imperialism were Africa and India. In both topographic points wars and force occurred but new engineerings were brought by the West that helped better the civilisations. However Africa and India responded otherwise to the manner the West imposed there economic. societal and political ways upon the people.

From 1870 to 1890 a really of import event occurred known as the “Scramble for Africa” . European powers attempted to get as much African district as they could acquire there custodies on. Work force such as King Leopold the Second of Belgium singed pacts with local heads that granted them personal control over the land. He exploited the Africans life in the Congo River vale for there labour. He forced them to roll up sap from gum elastic workss every bit good as other back interrupting work. The people were over taxed and abused. This operation benefited the Belgium economic system greatly but added nil but poorness to the African economic system. In 1884 the German Chancellor Bismarck organized the Berlin Conference in order to split up Africa in a civilised affair between Great Britain. France. Germany. Belgium. Portugal. and Italy. Some of the positive effects of this western imperialism were the new engineerings such as medical specialty and nutrition that were brought to Africa. This increased life-span and resulted in a population enlargement.

Transportation system and communicating techniques were introduced including railwaies. telephones. and telegraphs. Some Africans received proper instruction and subsequently on were exposed to greater economic chances. The ground forces even accepted some African as decision makers or soldiers in the ground forces. The negative effects were rather significant though. At the Berlin conference. the representatives gave no idea into what folk. cultural. and cultural barriers they were interfering with. This caused many struggles between populations in Africa. Socially the indigens were treated subordinately to the Europeans. They were forced to take part in back interrupting labour for really small wage. The domination of the West ate off at the values and traditions that Africans had one time held so cherished. Relationships were broken between folks and civilizations. One illustration of the force that went on during this clip was the difference over South Africa. The Boers. Zulu. and British all clashed over the land and abundant resources found in Southern Africa.

The British adopted a Forward Policy in the part that would hopefully convey the assorted British settlements. Boer democracies and independent African groups under control. At the Battle at Isandlwana over 1300 British military personnels were killed. A new policy of divide and regulation led to a decennary of destructive civil war. The Boers were Dutch husbandmans populating in South Africa who attempted to force the British North but alternatively found themselves contending with the native Zulu people. The find of diamonds and gold brought more and more aliens into the part. The people tried to get down a rebellion against the Afrikaners but it was unsuccessful. The Boer War was fought in 1899 but in the terminal the British came out winning and united their South African land into the Union of South Africa.

By 1857 Britain had a great trade of control of the subcontinent of India. It was run by the British East India Company which was merely interested in net incomes and ignored the civilization and demands of the Indian indigens. The British trained an ground forces of Indian soldiers known as the sepoys. They organized a rebellion because they had to seize with teeth off slug cartridges that were greased with porc or beef fat. Most of the soldiers were Muslim or Hindu and these carnal fats were against their faith. The sepoys rose up against the officers and the force spread rapidly to metropoliss in northern and cardinal India. Due to this revolt the British authorities took control over India and brought an terminal to the East India Company’s regulation. The authorities so divided India into states and so territories. Politically the British provided a individual system of jurisprudence and authorities that unified India. They opened up the occupation market and gave more people the chance to acquire an instruction. English became the official linguistic communication in an attempt to unite the civilization. Despite all these positives. England ruled by fright. In order to allow the people know how powerful they were. they would strap felons and Rebels to cannons.

They passed Torahs without taking the indigens needs into consideration. Economically the British built roads. Bridgess. railwaies and put up telegraph wires. British manufactured goods but a damper on India’s bungalow industries where people produced goods in their ain places. Money loaners became popular so people could pay their revenue enhancements. Socially Indians were looked down upon by the British. There civilization was looked at every bit inferior to the West. Soldiers were non able to travel up in rank and labourers were forced to work long hours in atrocious conditions. The British banned such patterns as Sati in which a adult females thrown herself into the firing ashes of her hubby. This was a really sacred rite to some and those people felt that their civilization was being infringed upon. Many people in India embraced the new chances that Britain provided them with. They prospered and pursued respectable businesss. Others were outraged at the development of the Indian civilization.

The major difference between Western Imperialism in India and Africa is that in Africa more than two groups were contending for the land. Native folk every bit good as several western powers were all seeking to derive as much land as possible. In India the lone competition was between Britain and the Indian people. This caused fewer jobs. A major similarity is that Westernization brought along with it new engineerings that allowed these parts to thrive. New medical specialties. transit. and communicating techniques were immense benefits to Africa and India. In both parts. the governing powers split up the district without believing about the boundaries that the native people had set up. This caused a batch of torment between the people and resulted in many societal jobs. A common tendency in imperialism is that the settlement works to profit the female parent state. European states prospered greatly off the resources and merchandises being produced in Africa and India but yet the native people struggled to pay of all time increasing revenue enhancements. Wars and rebellions broke out in both parts due to unjust guidelines set by the opinion states. The dwellers of Africa and India were looked down at as being inferior people and holding an inferior civilization.

The imperialism that occurred in Africa and India in the 1800’s was much more similar so different. Both suffered unfairnesss but enjoyed the new engineerings and governmental systems that the West brought with them. The West believes that it was at that place responsibility to distribute their “glorious” civilization to those who were less fortunate so those. That thought had good purposes but when the states started to free sight of that and go greedy and inconsiderate major jobs started to happen. They had no respect that the land they were altering was non their ain.

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