arab nationalism essay

HARVEY: The global march against child labor was born in

a conversation that I had with Kailash Satyarthi– the very

charismatic leader of the move to bring children out of

bonded labor in India– the head of the South Asian

KAILASH: We have ample proof that the children are

being used as slaves. They are bought and sold. They are

tortured. They are confined to workplace. They are not

HARVEY: These are kids working in brick kilns, working

in farms as a part of bonded farm labor, working in granite

quarries; kids in sexual slavery, or being trafficked across

national or state boundaries for sexual purposes. Those are

the kinds of kids that this global march is an effort to

HARVEY: So we decided that the global march was a way

by which we could bring international pressure to country

This was not just a simple protest. Along the way,

organizers met with community groups like this one to

try to link local concerns with the March’s broader

goals, which resonate with people in Thailand. They’re

still reeling from the collapse of their currency.

SULAK: Economic growth must take human dignity, human

rights, environmental balance, into consideration.

In the wake of Thailand’s financial crisis, Buddhist

Scholar Sulok Sivaraksa, like many activists, sees

growing poverty in human rights terms.

SULAK: We have more prostitutes than monks. We have

child laborers. We destroy our environment. The people in

Bangkok itself, 20% live in slums. And many people don’t

even live in the slums, they live under the bridges and so on

and so forth. And yet people feel these are not human rights

The Global March is just one new cross-border

tactic–an illustration of how globalization from above

leads to a globalized resistance from below.

KAILASH: But in the case of children, in the case of poor

people, they have no calculations of their profit margins.

They always think of their compassion, their love, sharings,

taking care of each other. So that is the real globalization.

So I believe that we have to learn from those children how

Whether we learn from innocent children, worldly

business leaders, or concerned human rights activists,

one thing is clear, globalization is here to stay. In a

world that is becoming more connected and

interdependent, a curious collection of politically

strange bedfellows has begun to coalesce in a search

for solutions to complex global challenges. In the

process, they are discovering some surprising things

about this world– and about themselves. Amnesty

PIERRE SANE: We do not expect business to become a

human rights defender. We know that if business adopts a

human rights language and behavior, it will be as a means to

the long-term objective of securing greater and greater

profits. For us, human rights is an end, it’s an absolute. So

there is a journey that we can go together. There is some

tactical alliances that we can develop.

GOULDING: It’s perfectly possible to have a two-track

approach to this where some people very properly focus on

the business engagement issues and others focus on the

Many companies in the global marketplace are trying

to become what they call global corporate citizens, and

some even say human rights are now part of their

business principles. Shell Oil’s Alan Detheridge

DETHERIDGE: Companies like Shell have a role to play in

promoting human rights. Not just the rights of its staff, not

just the rights of contractors who work for us, but

promoting rights more generally, and certainly within the

communities in and amongst whom we operate.

As corporate leaders grapple with how to respond to

human rights challenges, human rights activists are

abandoning their traditional focus on abuses by

governments. They are now confronting the many

impacts of globalization that we have explored in this

GAY MCDOUGALL: There’s been an explosion of human

rights organizations all around the world that are now in

touch with each another, and are now beginning to talk

more and more about common problems, common

strategies. It’s no longer just the question of a human rights

organization that focuses solely on the problems in their

country. But they’re seeing the link between the problems in

their country and problems across borders, regionally and

Both Globalization’s proponents and critics, see the

fight for human rights as a major challenge.

HORMATS: I think there has been a lot of improvement in

human rights around the world. This is not to say that there

is perfection and it’s not to say there are no problems. But I

think one of the great benefits that globalization has

provided the world is improvements in human well being.

THABO MBEKI: Well, I think there is a very good thing

that is happening in the whole international economic

debate. There’s issues of poverty, of a better life, of equity.

Those issues are coming back onto the agenda even of the

international corporate world. A movement away from

merely what governs our decisions and behavior is the

NADER: This is global trade without global law, without

global democracy. And if you have global trade and

investment dominated by a few giant corporations, who pit

one country against another without a rule of law, you’re

going to have increasing pressure–both in the first world and

in the thrid world —standards of living and standards of

TUTU: I hold to the view that this is a moral universe.

Goodness matters as it did forever in the past. It will

continue to do so. Truth matters. Corruption matters. I

mean we’ve seen, we’ve seen why some of the financial

institutions in Thailand, Indonesia, have gone under. It’s

been basically, ultimately, that they have flouted ethical

rules, not so much just financial rules. It has been ethical

rules. I have no qualms myself. I have no deep anxiety that

we are suddenly going to become an amoral society

Still questions remain: Will globalization advance

democracy and human rights, or will corporate power

triumph above all else? And, how can we as citizens of

the world get involved and help provide solutions?

C. HUNTER-GAULT: In this era of globalization, these are

not academic questions but flash points for continuing

debate. A debate that will determine the values that will

shape the world of the 21st Century. Thanks for watching.


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