A Free Essay on Schizophrenia | A 900 Words Sample

A free essay on Schizophrenia

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Mental diseases are a problem that a substantial number of people are burdened with these diseases can hinder one’s ability to be a properly functioning part of society. While most of them are not completely curable they can be suppressed. One of these crippling mental diseases is schizophrenia. (Schizophrenia. (n.d.),2016) “Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling.”

Even though it doesn’t affect as many people as other mental issues it’s still a huge problem. While schizophrenia has likely been around for centuries and wasn’t discovered until pretty recently. Schizophrenia was discovered by Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss eugenicist, and physiatrist. (Tracyn. (2012, April 20). “  The word “schizophrenia” was coined by Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist but this isn’t when schizophrenia was discovered. It’s thought its predecessor, dementia praecox, was the first medical description of what we think of as modern schizophrenia.1 Bleuler documented schizophrenia “positive” and “negative” symptoms – terms we still use today.”  Bleur wasn’t the only one that can be credited for discovering schizophrenia.

In 1891 a German Professor by the name of Arnold Pick created the term Dementia praecox, which was later popularized and further divided by Emil Kraepelin. Tracyn. (2012, April 20) “Kraepelin divided dementia praecox into hebephrenia, catatonia and paranoid dementia subtypes, which are similar to the types of schizophrenia classifications seen today.”Professor by the name of Arnold Pick created the term Dementia praecox, which was later popularized and further divided by Emil Kraepelin.  Tracyn. (2012, April 20) “Kraepelin divided dementia praecox into hebephrenia, catatonia and paranoid dementia subtypes, which are similar to the types of schizophrenia classifications seen today.”

Likely because it is such a relatively newly discovered disease it is not known exactly what causes schizophrenia.  (Schizophrenia. 2018, April 10)“It’s not known what causes schizophrenia, but researchers believe that a combination of genetics, brain chemistry, and environment contributes to the development of the disorder.”  Schizophrenia, like a lot of mental illnesses, is pretty hard to diagnose. The symptoms of schizophrenia can vary between each age group. While rare in kids under the age of 16 this is especially true in teens this is because a lot of the symptoms of schizophrenia mirror the behaviors of being a teen. (Schizophrenia. 2018, April 10) “The condition may be more difficult to recognize in this age group.

This may be in part because some of the early symptoms of schizophrenia in teenagers are common for typical development during teen years, such as Withdrawal from friends and family, A drop in performance at school, Trouble sleeping, Irritability or depressed mood, lack of motivation, Strange behavior, Substance use.”  Symptoms in adults are usually more severe they include but are not limited to delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and extremely disorganized motor behavior.  The symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into three categories; positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. In the positive symptoms( symptoms that are not displayed in healthy individuals) category you have hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder, and movement disorder.

On the other end of the spectrum there are negative symptoms(symptoms that affect the way you behave or your emotions); reduced expression of emotion, reduction in the feeling of pleasure, difficulty starting or maintaining activities, and reduced speaking. Finally, there are cognitive symptoms, which are symptoms that affect the way the affected person thinks; inability to make decisions, trouble focusing, and problems with working memory. Since schizophrenia is still pretty new most of the treatment options focus on suppressing the symptoms instead of actually curing the disorder. First, there are antipsychotics which are a combination of drugs usually taken by pill or liquid once or twice a day.

This treatment option forces the patient to work with the doctor so that they can find the perfect combination of drugs to suppress as many symptoms as possible with the least amount of side effects. Another option is psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is a lot more of a natural way to combat your symptoms than antipsychotics. Psychotherapy (also sometimes called talk therapy) involves seeing a psychiatrist or a licensed and trained healthcare professional and learning certain coping methods. These things can help motivate someone with schizophrenia to chase their dreams and accomplish something, however, if the patient’s symptoms are too severe this treatment option may not affect them in any substantial way. Most patients suffering from schizophrenia use a combination of these two methods called CSC or Coordinated Specialty Care. Since it’s a combination of the two methods it integrates medication with visits to a licensed psychologist for the best possible results.

Before starting to write this paper I knew little to nothing about schizophrenia and how it affected different individuals. And I feel that this is an issue because schizophrenia while it is a rare disorder, it is still a major problem to those that it affects. More people should be aware of the struggles that come with living with schizophrenia. Once people know more about the challenges that come with living with schizophrenia it would increase the funding for treatment and possibly lead scientists to develop something that doesn’t just suppress the symptoms but gets rid of them altogether.

Frequently asked questions

 

What is schizophrenia summary?

Overview. Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which people have an abnormal interpretation of reality. Schizophrenia can cause hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior that interferes with daily functioning and can be disabling.

What is introduction schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects less than 1% of the population in the United States. Symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, difficulty thinking, and a lack of motivation.

What words describe schizophrenia?

  1. aberrant
  2. delirious
  3. delusional
  4. delusionary
  5. disordered
  6. disturbed
  7. neurotic
  8. obsessive-compulsive

 

What is a simple definition of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that causes disruptions in thought processes, perceptions, emotional responsiveness, and social interactions. Although the course of schizophrenia varies from person to person, schizophrenia is typically chronic and can be severe and disabling.

What is schizophrenia conclusion?

Conclusion. Schizophrenia is a relatively common chronic mental illness that causes significant disability and has a 10% risk of suicide. Positive symptoms, negative symptoms, cognitive impairments, and affective dysregulation are among the symptom clusters.

How does schizophrenia impact society?

Human rights violations are common for people with schizophrenia, both inside and outside of mental health institutions. People with this condition face intense and widespread stigma, which leads to social exclusion and negatively impacts their relationships with others, including family and friends.

What is schizophrenia PDF?

Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder with a diverse genetic and neurobiological foundation that influences early brain development and manifests as a mix of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and disorganization, as well as motivational and cognitive dysfunctions.

How schizophrenia affects daily life?

Schizophrenia alters the way you think and cope in everyday life. A person suffering from schizophrenia may have hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, and a lack of motivation for daily activities.

 

 

What is schizophrenia called now?

Based in part on the experiences of people diagnosed with schizophrenia, the survey proposed nine alternative names. Affected perception disorder, attunement disorder, disconnectivity syndrome, integration disorder, and psychosis spectrum disorder are among them.

What causes schizophrenia?

The precise causes of schizophrenia remain unknown. According to research, a combination of physical, genetic, psychological, and environmental factors can increase a person’s risk of developing the condition. Some people are predisposed to schizophrenia, and a stressful or emotionally charged life event may set off a psychotic episode.

What are the 5 types of schizophrenia?

  1. Paranoid Schizophrenia
  2. Catatonic Schizophrenia
  3. Disorganized Schizophrenia
  4. Residual Schizophrenia
  5. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

What are the 4 types of schizophrenia?

  1. Paranoid type
  2. Disorganized type
  3. Catatonic type
  4. Undifferentiated type
  5. Residual type

What are the 3 stages of schizophrenia?

  1. Prodromal
  2. Active
  3. Residual

What is the most common schizophrenia?

Paranoid schizophrenia

This is the most typical form of schizophrenia. It may appear later in life than other types. Hallucinations and/or delusions are common symptoms, but your speech and emotions may not be affected.

What are 5 causes of schizophrenia?

  1. Genetics
  2. Structural changes in the brain
  3. Chemical changes in the brain
  4. Pregnancy or birth complications
  5. Childhood trauma
  6. Previous drug use

Does schizophrenia cause death?

We discovered that between the ages of 20 and 64, adults with schizophrenia die at a rate that is more than three and a half times higher than the general population rate.

How long can schizophrenia last?

Although schizophrenia is a chronic illness, schizophreniform disorder only lasts one to six months.

What are negative symptoms of schizophrenia?

  1. a seeming lack of interest in the world.
  2. not wanting to interact with other people (social withdrawal)
  3. an inability to feel or express pleasure (anhedonia)
  4. an inability to act spontaneously.
  5. decreased sense of purpose.
  6. lack of motivation (avolition)
  7. not talking much.

Why is it important to treat schizophrenia?

It is critical to treat schizophrenia as soon as possible after its onset. Patients may be at greater risk of brain volume loss if effective treatment is delayed, which could have a negative impact on long-term treatment outcomes.

How do you write schizophrenia?

The unusual arrangement of notes and irregular grouping of words, disconnected sentence fragments, written verbigerations, colorings, and word monstrosities, and frequent changes in size and form of the script

How can you prevent schizophrenia?

Although there is no proven way to prevent schizophrenia, scientists are working to reduce its likelihood. Schizophrenia is a complex illness that may be influenced by your genes. However, events in your life may also play a part. The disease can sometimes run in families.

Is there a cure for schizophrenia?

While there is no known cure for schizophrenia, it is possible to live a meaningful and happy life with it. There are numerous effective treatments that are best delivered as part of a team. Medication, psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, and social services are examples, as are tools to help you stay in school or work.

Who is most at risk for schizophrenia?

Men are at a slightly higher risk of developing schizophrenia than women, with an incidence risk ratio of 1.3-1.4. Women are more likely to develop schizophrenia than men, but there do not appear to be any differences in the earliest symptoms and signs during the prodromal phase.

What are the challenges of living with schizophrenia?

Patients with schizophrenia are more likely to suffer from alcohol and drug abuse, social anxiety, and depression. Each can have a negative impact on a patient’s quality of life and treatment outcome and should be addressed on a regular basis as part of aftercare.

How does schizophrenia feel?

People with schizophrenia have psychosis, which means they have difficulty thinking clearly, expressing emotions, and knowing what is real and what is not. This can include hearing or seeing things that aren’t there (hallucinations) and having very strange, abnormal, or false beliefs (delusions).

What are schizophrenia types and symptoms?

Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior, and the so-called “negative” symptoms are the five types of symptoms that characterize schizophrenia. However, the pattern and severity of schizophrenia symptoms vary greatly from person to person.

How many types of schizophrenia are there?

There are five types of schizophrenia, all of which are determined by the patient’s symptoms. The most common subtype of schizophrenia in the United States is paranoid schizophrenia, which usually manifests itself during a person’s adolescence or early adulthood.

What are the types of treatment for schizophrenia?

  1. Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  2. Asenapine (Saphris)
  3. Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)
  4. Cariprazine (Vraylar)
  5. Clozapine (Clozaril, Versacloz)
  6. Iloperidone (Fanapt)
  7. Lurasidone (Latuda)
  8. Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

 

What age schizophrenia affects?

Symptoms of schizophrenia typically appear in people in their mid-to-late-20s, though they can appear later, up to their mid-30s. Schizophrenia is said to be early-onset if it appears before the age of 18.

What do people with schizophrenia see?

Lights, objects, people, or patterns may be seen. It is frequently loved ones or friends who have died. They may also struggle with depth perception and distance perception.

Who discovered schizophrenia?

The term schizophrenia is only about 100 years old, according to the Medical Research Council. Dr. Emile Kraepelin identified the disease as a mental illness in 1887, and the illness is widely believed to have accompanied mankind throughout history.

Can people with schizophrenia live a normal life?

While schizophrenia was once thought to be a disease that only worsened over time, modern treatment practices have shown it to be manageable. Most people can live normal or nearly normal lives if they commit to ongoing treatment, which often begins with intensive residential care.

What are the negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is an incurable and difficult mental disorder, but it is treatable. Hallucinations, delusions, illogical changes in behavior or thoughts, hyperactivity, and thought disorder are among the positive symptoms. Apathy, lethargy, and withdrawal from social events or settings are among the negative symptoms.

Who named schizophrenia?

Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler sought to understand his patients as individuals and coined the term schizophrenia in the process. In 1898, Dr. Eugen Bleuler was appointed Director of the Burghlzli Hospital.

How does schizophrenia work?

Dopamine is linked to hallucinations and delusions in schizophrenia. Because dopamine-dependent brain areas can become overactive. Antipsychotic medications prevent this. Glutamate is a chemical found in the part of the brain that helps us form memories and learn new things.

What schizophrenia sounds like?

They can sound like a murmur, rustle, or beep. However, when a voice is recognizable, it is often not pleasant. “It’s not like wearing an iPod,” says Tanya Luhrman, an anthropologist at Stanford. “It’s like you’re surrounded by bullies.”

How is schizophrenia diagnosed?

Schizophrenia is usually diagnosed if you have had one or more of the following symptoms for at least a month: delusions, hallucinations, hearing voices, incoherent speech, or negative symptoms such as emotional flattening.

Does schizophrenia damage your brain?

Schizophrenia has been described as humanity’s “worst disease.” It causes psychosis, a mental disorder characterized by hyperarousal, overactivation of brain circuits, and emotional distress. Untreated psychosis can cause structural brain damage due to neurotoxicity.

What is the main drug used to treat schizophrenia?

Conventional, or typical, antipsychotics such as haloperidol, fluphenazine, and chlorpromazine have been used to treat schizophrenia for many years. They may, however, cause movement-related side effects such as tremors and dystonia, a condition characterized by involuntary muscle contractions.

What are the top 10 signs of schizophrenia?

  1. Hallucination
  2. Disorganized thinking
  3. Delusions
  4. Memory problems
  5. Hyperactivity
  6. Delusions of grandeur
  7. Flat and expressionless appearance
  8. Emotional withdrawal

How old do schizophrenics live?

Patients with schizophrenia have a reduced life expectancy of 15 to 25 years. Patients who die from natural causes die from the same diseases as the general population. The World Health Organization (WHO) identified global risk factors for mortality in the general population in 2009.

Can schizophrenics live alone?

Most schizophrenics can gain some control over their disorder with medication. According to estimates, approximately 28% of schizophrenics live independently, 20% live in group homes, and approximately 25% live with family members.

Are you born with schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia runs in families, but no single gene is thought to be to blame. It’s more likely that different gene combinations make people more susceptible to the condition. Having these genes, however, does not guarantee that you will develop schizophrenia.

Does schizophrenia cause memory loss?

While hallucinations and delusions are typical symptoms of schizophrenia, many people with the disorder also have cognitive deficits, including issues with short- and long-term memory.

Can a person with schizophrenia work?

People with schizophrenia work in a wide range of occupations, including senior management and other professionals, cleaners and laborers, and salespeople. You may lack experience in a particular field, but if the job tasks match your abilities, give it a shot. Maintain an open mind. You could work full-time.

How do you talk to a schizophrenic?

Effective communication with someone suffering from schizophrenia is heavily reliant on education, compassion, and empathy. Rather than attempting to “fix” your loved one’s mental health condition, meet them where they are today and assure them that you are there for them no matter what challenges they may face.

How is schizophrenia treated today?

Schizophrenia is typically treated with a combination of talking therapy and medication that is tailored to the individual. The majority of people with schizophrenia are cared for by community mental health teams (CMHTs). The CMHT’s goal is to provide day-to-day support and treatment while allowing you to maintain as much independence as possible.

Does schizophrenia change your personality?

Their behavior may be unusual, even shocking. A psychotic episode is a sudden change in personality and behavior that occurs when people with it lose touch with reality.

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